This is the question that has been asked more times when buying a camera, and although much has been written about it, I will try to answer how I would have liked to be answered at the time.

How much do you think about getting involved?

The question that gives title to this article, although it has been done many times is not always with the same intention, that is, there are people who see in photography 100% a hobby, others want to prove to themselves how good they can be in this, others see a means of expression in it, etc. If I know it is a question a bit difficult to answer at first, I do not intend to do so, I will make my recommendation based on three levels: hobby for those who only look for a camera to entertain, enthusiastic for those who are in the middle of two waters, between the previous category and the one that follows, semiprofessional for those who are serious but their budget is limited (less than 1000 USD).

What kind of content do you plan to do?

Do you have to do mainly photos, videos, both? Where do you plan to do it in the city, on trips, places with high humidity, low temperatures or low light? Do you prioritize image quality, weight, equipment aesthetics, equipment response speed?

For now in this article we will focus on photography, in future installments I will comment more about video recording.

Now, the matter

Hobby

Nikon D3500

The Nikon D3500 is the latest model of the Nikon initiation gamma, is a reflex camera with a traditional design, with a 24 megapixel APS-C sensor, a plastic body, with manual and automatic modes to make your dive easier to the mute of photography. In my opinion, the initiation chamber with the best value for image-price. If your budget falls short you can go for the previous model, the Nikon D3400, which has a quality very similar to this.

Canon M100

The Canon M100 is the simplest camera of Canon’s APS-C mirrorless, with an image quality very similar to other models of superior ranges, the M5 and M50. If you don’t like reflex-type (camera) bodies, or don’t like them as much as the Nikon D3500, it may be a better option for you.

Cons: It has a limited variety of optics.

Fujifilm X-A5

The Fujifilm X-A5 is the fuji initiation camera, with a simple, compact and quite cute design, it has a 24 megapixels APS-C sensor, with a fully collapsible screen, very useful if you want to photograph yourself. Despite its simplicity, it has many configuration options to such a point that it could perfectly be part of the next level.

PD: It doesn’t have a viewer.

enthusiast

Nikon D5600

The Nikon D5600 is the second step in the Nikon reflex cameras, as the previous model this also has an excellent price-quality ratio, with additional options such as: have articulated screen, can be controlled remotely, entry for microphone, etc. As it happens with the previous level of Nikon this one doesn’t have too many improvements respect to its previous model, so if your budget doesn’t reach this model and/or you get a Nikon D5500 at a very good price, go for it.

Canon M50

At this level the interesting thing in Canon is in its mirrorless. The Canon M50 was a camera very criticized by its characteristics of video in 4K (quite valid the critics). But leaving aside the complaints regarding video your options as cameras to take pictures are excellent.

It has a CMOS sensor of 24 megapixels, bursts of 10 photos per second, hybrid autofocus, articulated screen.

Pentax K-70

La Pentax K-70 es la única cámara en este nivel con un cuerpo sellado, estabilizado (esto nos permitirá ahorrarnos dinero en objetivos) y que puede alcanzar sensibilidades superiores a los 100.000 ISO. Otra prestación interesante es el Pixel Shift Resolution, donde jugando con el estabilizador interno de la cámara hacen pequeños movimientos para que cada pixel del sensor obtenga más información (esto redunda en una mayor calidad de imágen), acá puedes ver una explicación de esto último. Al igual que en el nivel anterior, acá la última cámara tranquilamente podría pertenecer al nivel siguiente (de no ser por la Pentax KP).

Semiprofesional

pENTAX kp

Como ya mencioné anteriormente Pentax hace cámaras muy buenas y muy resistentes a pesar de lo poco conocido de la marca y la Pentax KP no es la excepción, tiene todas las opciones de la K-70 pero con algunas características adicionales como: estabilización digital, sensibilidad ISO por encima de los 800.000, ráfagas de 7 fotos por segundo, obturación electrónica de un 1/24000 de segundo, compatibilidad con objetivos antiguos.

Sony Alpha a6400

Si tu objetivo es dedicarte a fotografiar objetos que se muevan rápido y tu presupuesto es ajustado, la Sony Alpha a6400 es tu mejor opción por menos de 1000 USD, tiene el mejor enfoque por seguimiento de todas las cámaras de esta lista, posee 425 puntos de enfoque, tanto por detección de fase como por contraste, y una ráfaga de 11 fotos por segundo, posee enfoque por detección de rostro, detección de ojo.

Contra: poca autonomía, 360 disparos usando el visor electrónico y 410 si usamos la pantalla táctil. Pocas opciones económicas en cuanto a ópticas.

Canon 80D

La Canon 80D es una cámara correcta, cuyo cuerpo no está a mi juicio por encima de la Pentax o la Sony, pero si las supera ampliamente en algo, ópticas y ópticas económica, y esto no es un aspecto menor, por algo se les dice a estás cámaras, cámaras de ópticas intercambiables u cámaras de sistema, pues el cuerpo solo es una parte de la ecuación a la hora de hacer fotografías.

Tiene un cuerpo sellado, resistente al agua y al polvo, ráfagas de 7 fotos por segundo, un sensibilidad ISO máxima de 16.000 (expansible a 25.600), 45 puntos de enfoque con enfoque híbrido (dual pixel).